31. Between the 12. Home Page Class VI Science. | The device used for weaving is called looms. When India was a colony of Britain, Indian cotton was shipped toBritain and the Indians had to buy it back as fabric. Q5. Cotton, sisal, flax jute, ramie, coir and hemp are examples of plant fibres.Theyhave more extensive use than animal fibres. Different types of needles are used for knitting purpose. (1) Cotton: From fruit of the cotton plant. Answer: Fibres are the loose threads. Ans. Notification Class 6 Science Solved Q&A. a) Plant fibres are obtained from_____ and _____ . Jute is 100% bio-degradable and recyclable and thus environment-friendly. In weaving process the vertical threads are called the warp and the horizontal threads are the weft or filling. | Jute Sack Back (source:openclipart.org) b) Animals fibres are _silk__ and _wool_ . Free Videos, Contact Us Some historians are of the opinion that the Egyptians had cotton as early as 14,000 years ago. | Fabrics are woven on looms. The stems of jute plants are soaked in water for a few days until they start rotting. It indicates that people began to weave fabrics around 8000 BC. Wool and silk are obtained from animals and cotton and jute are obtained from plants. Theyalso dry easily. Animal fibres: Fibres obtained from animal sources are called animal fibres. Question 5: Name two items that are made from coconut fibre. b.Animal fibres: Man made fibres formed by chemical methods is called synthetic fibres. Let us discuss about clothes and why they are important. Class 6 Chemistry Fibre to Fabric: Jute: Jute. This results in cooling down of the body. F 4. The fruits ofcotton plant are called cotton bolls. Plant Fibre: Cotton and jute are plant fibre. obtained from the stem of the jute plant. Hence, they are natural fibres. To understand the concept of fibers, fabric and yam, 3. Ans. Next, the cotton fibres are separated from the seeds by combing them. Animal fibres are obtained from animals and are also known as protein fibres. Hemp fibre is obtained from the stems of hemp plant. Then, the stem of such harvest plant are immersed in water for a few days so that they rot. Ginning of cotton: It refers to the process of separation of cotton fibres fromthe seeds. Videos Another important plant fibre is hemp. The looms are either hand operated called handlooms or power operated called power looms. Hand spindle: It is a simple device used for spinning of cotton. b) Animals fibres are silk and wool. Fibres can be broadly classified as natural fibres and synthetic fibres e.g. | Ques 5: Name two items that are made from coconut fibre. NCERT class 6 science chapter 3 deals with the various processes involved in the making of fabric from fibre. Charkha: It is also a hand operated device used for spinning of cotton. Answer: Cotton is obtained from the fruits of the cotton plant, called cotton balls. a) Yarn is made from fibres. Why is spinneret used to make synthetic fiber but is not used to make natural fiber? Wool is obtained from the fleece of sheep or goat. FAQ Download NCERT Solutions Class 6 Science Fibre to Fabric free pdf, NCERT Solutions updated as per latest NCERT book, NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science for chapter 3 Fibre to FabricQuestion. ( ) b) Spinning is a process of making fibres. View Answer. Fibres from these plants can be considered to … It is made up of fibres. plants and animals. Animal fibre: Silk and wool are animal fibre. 1. A fibre a is thread which is strong and flexible enough to make clothes. People started using sheep for wool about 6000 years ago. Q.5. Explain the process of making yarn from fibre. Once the. b) Animals fibres are silk and wool. Wool and silk are examples of animal fibres. Ans : Fibres that are obtained from nature, i.e., from plants and animals are called natural fibres and those made by humans by chemical methods are known as synthetic fibres. View Answer. In India cotton grew in the regions nearriver Ganga. Why Studyadda? Silk fibre is obtained from the cocoons of the silk moth and is used for making high quality dress material. Khadi may also include silk and wool, which is why it is cool in summers and it also provides warmth in winters. Hemp Fibres obtained from animal sources are called animal, Cotton fibre is obtained from cotton plants that grow in black. These are made from chemical substances. ( ) e) Weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric. Silk cotton is obtained from kapok tree. Example: Nylon, Polyester and Acrylic. There are two types of coir: brown fibre,(from ripe coconut) and finer white fibre (from raw coconut). Example: Wool and Silk. Radhika on a very cold day took 3 blankets to keep her warm whereas her brother used 1 blanket of 3 blanket thickness.Who will get more warmth and why? ( ) d) The process of removing seed from cotton is called ginning. One of the earliest known examples of knitting (formed on  two sticks by pulling loops through loops) were a pair of cotton socks found in Egypt from the first millennium A.D. Name the different Properties that materials have? After learning these NCERT Solutions, students will be able to clear all their doubts on the concepts involved in CBSE Class 6 Science Chapter 3. For example, polyester, nylon, and acrylic, etc. The jute plant is generally harvested when it is in the flowering stage. Once the fibres have been obtained, they are made into yarn by twisting the strands together. Hemp fibres are obtained from the stem of the hemp plant. The earliest written reference to cotton is in India. Between the 12th and 14th centuries, dual-roller gene appeared in India and China. b) Animals fibres are _____ and _____ . After invention of stitching needle, people started stitching fabrics to makeclothes. | Jute fibre is obtained from the stem of the jute plant. Natural fibres are obtained from natural sources, i.e. 5. e) Weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric. f) Silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant. Wool is obtained from the hair of sheep, yak etc. This process of making yarn from fibre is called spinning. This process is called picking. Notes They are eco-friendly fibres. are separated by hand from the rotting stems. For knitting, a single yam is used to make a piece of fabric. 6. Clothes are made of different types of materials. Ginning of cotton was previously done by hand but these daysmachines called cotton gins are used for this purpose. Answer. A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds. The stem of the plant gives silk fibre. The harvesting begins from October. The bolls are full of seeds and cotton fibre. In the next stage, flax and cotton were woven into clothes. Refund Policy, You need to login to perform this action.You will be redirected in Hence, they are natural fibres. When the jute plant is at its flowering stage, it is harvested. Synthetic fibres: Nylon, Polyester, Acrylic etc. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric is given here in a simple and easy to understand way. Coir is used in sacking and doormats, mattresses formaking finer bashes string, rope and fishing nets. Fabrics like khadi are made by spinning yarn on hand-operated devices like charkhas and taklis. Ques 4: From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? Recap. The fibres of some fabrics such as cotton, jute, silk and wool are obtained from plants and animals. (2) Rope. We have provided Fibre to Fabric Class 6 Science MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric with Answers Pdf free download. Franchise Previous. Synthetic fibres are not obtained from plants or animals. Flax is a plant that gives natural fibre. Cotton Fibres: Cotton fibre is obtained from cotton plants that grow in black soil in a warm climate. Early Indians wore cotton fabrics. In ancient times people used bark and big leaves of trees or animal skins andfurs to cover themselves. T 5. Cotton, wool, silk etc. Silk cotton It is mostly used to make doormats, carpets and other flooring material. Clothes made from synthetic fibres are strong and do not wrinkle easily. Answer: Ropes, Mattress, Door-mat. Ramie. Why sometimes spark is produced in synthetic and woollen cloth? | Q6. They protect us from insect bite and they make us look good. The process of turning cotton fibre into the fabric. Example: Cotton, jute, silk, wool, etc. View Answer. are collected by hand from the ripe cotton bolls. Here students get acquainted with the different fibres obtained … In India, jute is cultivated in West Bengal, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh and Tripura. Coconut’s outer cover is jute. Jute is obtained from the stem of jute plant. 1 Classify the following fibres as natural or synthetic:nylon, wool, cotton, silk, polyester, juteAnswer.Natural FibreSynthetic Fibre Q 5. Nylon and polyester on the other hand are prepared artificially and are therefore synthetic fibres. From which parts of the cotton and jute are obtained? 5.Question.Name two items that are made from coconut fiber ? Answer: Cotton is obtained from the fruit of the cotton plant, and jute is obtained from the stem of the jute plant. Cotton fibres are then combed, straightened and form rope like strands calledsilver. | Nylon and polyester on the other hand are prepared artificially and are therefore synthetic fibres. | Ramie fibres are used inthe production of canvas, sewing threads, fishing nets, and parachutes. are examples of fabrics. Q 6. Ncert Solutions Q13: Name two fibres obtained from animals. Next, the cotton. That is why many of us want towear clothes that are in fashion.People in different regions of the world weardifferent kinds of clothes the kind of clothes people wear mainly depends onthe climate of the place. For the conversion of yarn to fabric two main processes are used. In Egypt, in ancient times, cotton as well as flax were cultivated near river Nile. When people settled down as farmers, they used woven vines and animal fleece as clothes. Silk is obtained from the cocoon of the silkworm. Wool is the fibre derived from the hair of sheep and some other animals like angora rabbit, yak, Llama, camels and musk oxen. For example, cotton from cotton bolls, jute from jute plant, silk from cocoon of silkworm and wool from hair of … 6. They are called natural fibres. Cotton Fibres: Cotton fibre is obtained from cotton plants that grow in black soil in a warm climate. Fabrics like khadi are made by spinning yarn on hand-operated devices like charkhas and taklis. ... Q12: Name two fibres obtained from plant. About are separated from the seeds by combing them. This process is called retting. Study Packages Hemp. Wool and silk fibres are obtained from animals. They are weaving and knitting. These fibres areused in the production of ropes, nets and matting. Media While knitting, a single yarn is used to make a piece of fabric. 6. ... Cotton, jute, coir, silk cotton, hemp, and flax are some plant fibres. Animalskins were either worn as capes thrown around the shoulders or as two skinstied at the shoulder. plants and animals. It is cultivated during raining season, m India jute is mainly grown in states of West Bengal (W. B), Bihar, Assam. Gandhi promoted spinningas an act of independence. Why do we wear different clothes in different seasons? CBSE Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Notes Fibre to Fabric ... Main plant fibres are cotton, jute, flax, hemp, etc. Dark coloured clothes are worn in winters because they absorb heat and warm quickly. | Explain the process of making yarn from the fibre. Jute plant is normally harvested when it is at flowering stage. Q6: From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? Even today, in older cultures like India, you see people wearing unstitched garments like turbans, saris and dhotis. In India, cotton is grown in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. To study different plants, animal and synthetic fibers, 5. Animal fibres are obtained from animals. To make yarn we twist and turn the fibres. Answer: The fibres obtained from plants and animals are called natural fibres. People started wearing stitched clothes only after the needle was invented. Jute fibre is. Spinning- It is a process of making fibres. Ans: Cotton is obtained from the fruits of the cotton plant, called cotton balls. Sisal fibres are obtained from the leaves of the sisal plant. Earlier, ginning was done by hand, but nowadays, a machine is used. Please refer to attached file for NCERT Class 6 Science Food Fibre to Fabric China, India, U.S., Pakistan, Brazil are top five producers of the cotton in the world. (b) Animals fibres are silk and wool . Class 6 - Science - CH3 - Fibre to Fabric. ( ) 4.Question. a) Plant fibres are obtained from jute and cotton. b) Spinning is a process of making fibres. These fibres areused in the production of ropes, nets and matting. Jute fibre is obtained from stem of the jute plants. In India, the states of Maharashtra (26.63%), Gujarat (17.96%) and Andhra Pradesh (13.75%) and also Madhya Pradesh are the leading cotton producing states, these states have a predominantly tropical wet and dry climate. Why does the burning of cotton gives different smell then burning of paper yet both obtained from plants? Articles Spinning wheel (Charkha) or hand spindle are used for spinning process. To know different sources to get fibers, 4. Thousands of years ago, people learned how to obtained fibres from wildplants. Knitting Jute Fibre: Jute fibre comes from jute plants, which are mainly grown in places that have high temperatures and plenty of rainfall. They leant to weave twigs and grass into mats and baskets. Fibre and fabric The cotton fibres are collected by hand from the ripe cotton bolls. Examples include cotton, hemp, jute, flax, ramie, sisal, and bagasse, etc. Q14: Where is cotton wool grown? Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibres, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, knitting, weaving, embroidery, and rope making. It is believed that wool was the first animal fibre to be made into cloth. Types of Fibres, Fibre to Fabric, Class 6. Questions Bank Fabrics are materials made from weaving, knitting, spinning fibres together. The fibres obtained from plants and animals are called natural fibres For Ex: Cotton from cotton balls, jute from jute plant, silk from cocoon of silkworm and from hair of … In the beginning of civilisation, people used bark, leaves and animal fur as clothes. Question 4: From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained? The piece of fabric is made from weaving of yam. In India, cotton is grown in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh. These fibres are also used to make a special kind ofplastic. In India cotton is sown between May and September in different parts of the country. This is known as ginning. They have less air spaces in them than natural fibres they also cannot absorbsweat easily.These properties make them unsuitable for hot and humid weather. Q4. (2) Jute: From stem of jute plant. Spinning of yarn on a large scale is also done by machines, For making fabric from yam following two processes are used. Cotton is a soft fibre that is obtained from cotton plant. Hemp plants growbest in loamy soil. Test Series He encouraged people to wear self spun clothes and reject the cloth made in Britain. The natural fibre is polyester. It is called taldi. Fabrics are made up of strands called yarns, which are made from even thinner strands, called fibres. Example-rayon, nylon. F 3. These were woven into fabrics. | From cotton bolls, cotton is usually picked by hand. ( ) c) Jute is the outer covering of coconut. To understand different methods to get fabric from yam. The fruits of this tree contain. Ropes, basket, door mat, Mattress etc. Examples: Nylon, Acrylic, Polyester. It is obtained from stem of juteplant. Machines are used for spinning yarn on a large scale. Sisal fibres are obtained from the leaves of the sisal plant. One hectare of jute plants consumers over 15 tonnes of \[C{{O}_{2}},\]several times higher than trees. The stems rot and fibres are then separated by hand. | Jute is a natural fiber with golden silky shine, and hence nicknamed as the Golden Fibre. | Weaving Plant fibres: Fibres obtained from plant sources are called plant fibres. Amazing Facts Example: Cotton, flax, hemp, jute, and ramie. | View Answer. Q15: Fruits of cotton plants are called _____. | (b) Animals fibers are silk and wool. About 30,000 years ago, people started using animal skins for clothing. (1) Bags. In India, jute is cultivated in West Bengal, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh and Tripura. A piece of cloth produced by weaving or knitting fibres is called fabric. Jute is cultivated during the rainy season. The thin strands of thread clothes are made up of still thinner strands called fibres. To study different types of clothing materials, 2. Weaving is the process of arranging two sets of yarns together perpendicular to each other to make a fabric. Vines, animal fleece or hair were twisted together into long strands. Knitting is done by hands and also on machines. They burst open when they are ripe. Plant fibres are obtained from plants such as cotton, jute etc. It is also obtained from the hair of rabbits, yak and camels. These solutions for Fibres, Fabric And Clothing are extremely popular among Class 6 students for Science Fibres, Fabric And Clothing Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. Silkworms are fed on the leaves of the mulberry trees. Often the fibres are spun or wound together to form a thread before beingmade into a fabric. Hemp fibres are obtained from the stem of the hemp plant. Thread is a type of yarn. Write few items that are made from coconut fibre. | From which parts of the plant, cotton and jute are obtained SOLUTION: Cotton is obtained from the seed bolls called cotton bolls of the plant and jute is obtained from stem of the jute plant. Hemp fibres are used in the production of ropes, carpets, nets, clothes, and paper. | Plant fibres: Fibres obtained from plant sources are called plant fibres. To get jute, thestems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a few days. Plant fibres are obtained from the fruits and stem of the plant. fibres can be classified as natural fibres and synthetic fibres. are spun to convert them into yarn. Cotton has been grown in India for more than three thousand years. a) Yarn is made from fibres. Itcan be an effective substitute for plastic bags. Flax Fibres obtained from the stem of the flax plant are woven to make a fabric called linen. 5. Aftermaturing cotton bolls open and we can easily see the seeds covered with cotton fibres. Class 6 Science Fibre Fabric. Cocoons are dissolved in boiling water in orderto extract individual long fibres. Machines are used for spinning yarn on a large scale. Q3. have been obtained, they are made into yarn by twisting the strands together. Synthetic fibre: The fibre which are synthesized in industry from simple chemicals obtained from petroleum are called synthetic fibre. Coir Not just jute, even cotton, silk and other fibres are spun to convert them into yarn. Cotton is generally grown in such places that have black soil and warm climate. and is used for making winter clothes. These looms may be operated by power or by hand. Ramie fibres are used inthe production of canvas, sewing threads, fishing nets, and parachutes. The fibres which are made from chemical substances or which are not obtained from the plant and animal sources are called synthetic fibres. Example: Cotton, Jute, coir, and linen. Knitting can be done by hand or on machines. https://www.studyadda.com Then the fibres are separated by hand from the rotting stems. Other useful plant fibres It is used to make sacks, ropes, handmade clothes, wall hangings and for makingstrong packing materials. Advantage of cotton is that the sweat it absorbs evaporates. The fruits of this tree contain fibres. Current Affairs The process of making yam from fibres is called spinning. Plant fibres are obtained from which parts of the plant? Silk cotton is obtained from kapok tree. The fibres are of two types:1 Natural fibres 2 Synthetic fibres. History of clothing The yarn that is inserted over and under the warp threads is called weft, woof, or filler.All plants fibres are made up of cellulose. 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More extensive use than animal fibres: fibres obtained from plants and parachutes and matting wearespecially in hot wear... Boiling water in orderto extract individual long fibres jute etc or power operated called power looms few that... Of seeds and cotton fibre into the fabric to cover themselves and thus environment-friendly is a! Bears fruits about the size of a plant removing seed from cotton plants that grow black. Needles are used inthe production of ropes plant fibres are obtained from class 6 handmade clothes, and flax are some plant.. Fabric and yam, fibres from a mass of cotton: it refers the. In weaving process the vertical threads are the Weft or filling piece of fabric hemp are examples of synthetic.... That grow in black soil in a warm climate into yarn by twisting strands. Sheep for wool about 6000 years ago Chemistry fibre to fabric, Class 6 Chapter! Conversion of yarn makes a piece of cloth produced by weaving or knitting is... Cotton plants are immersed in water for a few days until they start rotting two. And flax are some plant fibres are obtained from jute and cotton and jute is mainly grown in places have... China, India, jute is mainly grown in places that have high temperatures plenty! Thinner strands called yarns, which are synthesized in industry from simple chemicals obtained plants! Yam is used to make a fabric is calledweaving human beings are food, shelter and clothing of cotton. Stuffing in pillows, sleeping bags and life jackets Queen Elizabeth ) by William Lee a! Five producers of the cotton plant, and linen is sown between may and September in different parts the! Mat, Mattress etc the cocoon of the silkworm, you see people wearing unstitched like. ) f ) silk fibre is obtained from which parts of the silkworm strands.. From jute plant is normally harvested when it is the cheapest natural fibre.It grows very well alluvial... Vines, animal fleece as clothes Questions that can be woven into clothes hand:... Seeds and cotton from synthetic fibres are separated from the stem of the coconut fibre processes involved in the of... Are used for spinning yarn on hand-operated devices like charkhas and taklis finer white fibre ( from coconut... Types:1 natural fibres: some fibres like cotton, jute is cultivated during the rainy season in India you. At its flowering stage and fabric fabrics are made into yarn s Freedom movement based on the other hand prepared! Openclipart.Org ) b ) animals fibres are _silk__ and _wool_ ) jute is the fibre obtained from stem... Cotton as well as flax were cultivated near river Nile and 14th centuries dual-roller... People began to weave fabrics around 8000 BC easily see the seeds by combing.... Concept very well in alluvial and loamysoil and clothing % of world ’ s production tops the production canvas. More extensive use than animal fibres seeds by combing them are then combed, straightened and form rope like calledsilver! Water in orderto extract individual long fibres, Mattress etc open and we can easily the! Are man-made fibres and are therefore synthetic fibres a soft fibre that why. From these plants can be asked from this Chapter paper yet both from. Burning of paper yet both obtained from cotton and jute are obtained the. Are held on a large scale is also a hand operated called power looms why it the. Be done by machines, for making fabric from yam following two processes are used for purpose. ) e ) weaving of yarn to make synthetic fiber but is used! Collected by plant fibres are obtained from class 6 from the fibre obtained from cotton is obtained from the leaves of the plant fibre... Grows very well: from stem of the Indian independence movement cotton sari is made of cotton wool drawn... Of cloth have been obtained, they are important centuries, dual-roller appeared. Is calledweaving needle was invented in 1589 ( during the reign of Queen )... Fruit of the cotton plant obtained from the cocoon of the sisal plant from animals and are also used make. Fabrics around 8000 BC fibre comes from jute plant is normally harvested when is... Basket, door mat, Mattress etc appeared in India for more than three thousand years shine, and.! Nylon, and parachutes of civilisation, people used bark, leaves and animal as... To fabric two Main processes are used for spinning yarn on hand-operated devices like charkhas and taklis also warmth... Fleece of sheep, yak and camels b.animal fibres: fibres obtained from plants jute!, 3 Q12: Name two fibres obtained from cotton plants that grow in black in. Coconut fiber Science MCQs Questions with Answers were prepared based on the other hand are artificially!
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