They learn by watching and will copy the behavior of other children and family members. Inexpensive cord safety devices are available from retail stores if you have blinds with cords. Bring and encourage drinking water often. Make sure that all of the smoke detectors are functioning properly. Limit children’s outdoor play in extreme heat or cold. Wrap the mattress of the crib with a thin material blanket and tuck the … Why it works: Lock the doors to any dangerous areas. Toddlers move from mouthing things within their reach (at 1 year old) to using their fingers and hands to manipulate objects (at 2-and-a-half years and older). Teaching toddlers how to safely climb onto or off of a changing table or the toilet if they are not using a potty chair supports their independence. What families can do: This restricts access to objects and areas of the house that are not safe for toddlers to explore without supervision. They may lack the language skills to easily express their feelings or ask for what they need and want. Keeping the bed away from the window and installing window guards or locks prevents falls. Make sure all staircases have solid handrails, securely affixed flooring, adequate lighting, and safety gates if there are small children in the home. Avoid using chemicals near toddlers. Never allow children to be unsupervised in the kitchen. Closing the door after you should be your number one safety measure... 2. 20 Safe Kids Worldwide (2014). Keep diaper changing materials, including wipes and ointments, where you can reach them easily but are away from a toddler’s grasp. Even with these precautions in place, kids still can get hurt and accidents do happen. Many toddlers will try to climb or jump over whatever is in their way to get to what they want. If you have a Toddler, you certainly know the struggles of keeping everything safe from them and more importantly, keeping them safe from everything. This is especially important if your child has a special health care need. Road Traffic Injuries. You can support your toddler’s growing independence and curiosity by using inexpensive safety devices. Sign up for free recall notices from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. Encouraging your toddler’s active participation reinforces the importance of safe daily routines. By knowing the risks you can help keep kids safe. Close the lids to washing machines. Keep basic first aid and disaster supplies on hand. It may be hard for drivers and cyclists to see them, so toddlers need to understand pedestrian safety and learn how to follow safety rules outside the home. In fact, it is the leading cause of fatalities and injuries in this age group. Children should also be reminded never to mix water and electricity as this can lead to electrocution. Place heavier items on lower shelving in a play area. Use soft and protective mats under play equipment. "22 Keep a phone with you, and consider learning child cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Of course, accidents happen, and there will be minor scrapes and bruises along the way, especially as kids … Toddlers can sit in chairs at tables that are appropriate for their age and size. What families can do: Cribs are only safe to use if a toddler is not able to climb out. Engage and redirect. Why it works: Install the protective surface at least 6 feet (more for swings and slides) in all directions from the equipment. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/injury/images/lc-charts/leading_causes_of_injury_deaths_unintentional_injury_2015_1050w760h.gif24 Durbin, D.R. Post important emergency phone numbers such as poison control, 911, and your child’s doctor in a central location and store them in your mobile phone. This includes teaching toddlers to clean up and put items away when they are finished using them. Kids Should Never be Alone in Water Playing in water is a fun activity for toddlers as well as kids. Learning about the natural world is fun for families and children of all ages, including toddlers. Never leave a baby unattended on a changing table. Why it works: Consistent routines and clear expectations can reduce the risk of challenging behaviors that may result in injuries to themselves, other children, and adults. A wide-brim hat and loose fitting clothing also provide some protection. Teach your child to watch for cars and trucks, and never to run into the street to chase a ball. Talk to them about their play. Frostbite may require medical treatment. Make sure windows either open from the top or have guards so they can’t open more than four inches. Wait until your child has left the area to prevent exposing your toddler to the chemicals in these products. What families can do: Stay close by. Cords from window blinds are a strangulation hazard. These include small, slippery foods, dry foods that are hard to chew or sticky, and tough foods. Turn pot/pan handles inward on the stove. Check to make sure indoor and outdoor plants [PDF, 197KB] are not poisonous. Toddlers (and preschoolers) should be in a rear-facing car seat that is appropriate for their height and weight. Falls are the most common cause of injuries and visits to hospital in every age group. One-third of U.S. states now require rear-facing for kids until at least age two, 6  but most kids can stay rear-facing until they are three to five years old. Make sure you can see and reach them at all times. Consider your child’s age and where you live when choosing and using a sunscreen product. What families can do: 3. Surfaces such as pavement, sidewalks, slides, and swings absorb the heat of the sun and can burn a toddler’s sensitive skin. Toddlers move from mouthing things within their reach (at 1 year old) to using their fingers and hands to manipulate objects (at 2-and-a-half years and older). Safety straps secure a child in a stroller, swing, or other equipment and reduce the risk of falls. Some kitchen items contain hot liquid, such as a coffee pot or crock pot. Knowing how to recognize plants that are poisonous and making sure that there no insects that sting or bite protects children from injury. Do not place the bed close to the window, and use window guards or locks to prevent falls. Providing opportunities to explore the sights and sounds in nature supports children’s development when these experiences are safe and well supervised. Always stay hands-on when bathing your toddler. To prevent falls, keep a hand on toddlers at all times while changing diapers if you are using a changing table or other high surface rather than the floor. Get and use smoke alarms and carbon monoxide detectors. Why it works: As a result, they depend on family members to teach them how to play with other children, share and take turns, and model how to interact safely with both children and adults. Add non-slip rubber mats in your bathroom to avoid slipping after a shower. If you have an infant at home, make sure that you keep the crib as bare as possible because soft pillows, stuffed dolls or lots of bed covers might suffocate your baby accidentally. CDC twenty four seven. They also … Smoke alarms warn you that there is a fire so you can get your family out of the building quickly. Luckily, most bathroom accidents are preventable. Lots of things around the house can be poisonous if used in the wrong way or found by kids. Safety Measures for Homes with Toddlers. Toddlers do not regulate their body temperature well. Select equipment that will not trap a toddler’s head or limbs. Toddlers begin to use equipment and materials for projects while they play. No one should sit or stand on a window sill, balcony railings, terrace parapet, etc, as even slightest distraction may result in a fall. Toddlers interact and play with other children, but they are learning to share. Place heavier items on lower shelving in a play area. is consistent. They may need some time to develop a nightly routine and get used to the freedom of not being in a crib. Safety straps secure a child in a booster seat or chair so your child doesn’t fall out. They remember what they learn and share it with others. With their newly discovered ways of crawling and walking, nothing is out of reach from them. Always ensure bed-rail of the baby cot is raised when the baby is in the cot. What families can do: Active Supervision is a way to pay close attention and keep children safe, especially highly active children who are more likely to take risks when it comes to exploring the world around them. A good safety rule: is simple, clear and age-appropriate, so that your child understands. Carbon monoxide (CO) is a deadly, poisonous, odorless, and colorless gas. Your child can sit in a booster chair or seat at the table for family style eating as long as you use the safety straps. Use materials that are sturdy and easy to clean because toddlers will put them in their mouths. Use safety tested mats or loose-fill materials (shredded rubber, sand, woodchips, or bark) maintained to a depth of at least 9 inches underneath play equipment. Electrical outlets should be covered. Make a schedule to routinely check the batteries to make sure they work and you know when to change them. 5. This includes small toys such as marbles, balloons, small balls, and coins, as well as parts of toys that may break off, like buttons on a teddy bear.12 Any object is dangerous if it can pass through the small-parts cylinder (2.25 inches long by 1.25 inches wide) used for screening choking hazards for children younger than 3 years. Home Safety Home is a place to relax, play and enjoy spending time with family. You can... Burns and scalds. Why it works: Why it works: Leave a Comment / Bansal Global Hospital, Health / By admin. Technical Report—Child passenger safety. Drowning happens quickly and silently. The toddler years are a time when children are building skills in all areas. Why it works: Why it works: For example, some toddlers may be able to open a door to get into a basement, run into the street, or even open a door in a moving car; you may need to use door knob covers, install a latch that was not necessary previously, and use child safety locks in the car. (2008). What families can do: An alarm alerts you to unsafe CO levels in the home. Make sure that there are no button batteries [PDF, 1.6MB] or magnets within reach that a toddler could swallow. Inspect your home for poisonous materials. Using a home safety checklist, and keeping in mind your child’s needs and developmental abilities now and in the weeks to come, can help you identify possible hazards so you can remove, repair, and keep you child away from objects that could be harmful. Place any object that is small enough to fit into a toddler's mouth out of reach. For example, they continue to learn that a hidden object is not permanently gone, remember things that happened, sort things by characteristics, and use language to describe what they experience. At home, little children are the usual sorry victims of any sort of mishaps. 10 Safety Measures that You Should Teach Your Kids at Home 1. Select a car seat based on your child’s age and size, and that fits in your vehicle, and use it every time your child rides in your car or truck. During cold months, be aware of temperatures and wind chill. Keep pots on the back burner of the stove with the handles turned inward. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. By demonstrating clear expectations and how to use materials and equipment properly, you can help your child learn basic safety rules and routines. To keep toddlers safe, store toxic products in locked cabinets and keep personal items out of children's reach. That is why, older people should take extra precaution at home to stray away from putting the safety […] Store any products that say "keep out of reach of children" and everyday items like toothpaste out of reach. What families can do: Water Safety – Injury Prevention. What families can do: Choose age-appropriate foods that your family prefers and cut them into small pieces (cubes no larger than ½ inch in size) to prevent choking. When so much in the world seems beyond control, these checklists are simple, clear steps you can take for the safety of your family. Craft and play materials should say they are "non-toxic." Cribs made after this date must meet the current safety standard. Front air bags are designed to protect adults, not children, and can be dangerous to children seated in front of them. Poisoning. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. The changes in their physical, cognitive, and social-emotional development help them to build new skills that prepare them for school and later learning. They have opportunities to walk to the neighborhood park, school, or other community locations with a family member. Keep your child in a safe place while you are cooking or ironing. Preventing falls at home. Install safety rails on beds for toddlers. Introducing basic rules for safety, following them yourself, and helping your children understand them is important. Check play equipment and surfaces that may get hot in the sun. Empty buckets [PDF, 56KB] and turn them upside down when done. Bolting furniture to the wall can help prevent a tip-over tragedy among children in this age group who especially enjoy running, jumping, and climbing or just may be curious about an object that they can’t reach. Even everyday items like makeup and toothpaste can be poisonous if eaten in large quantities. Besides kitchens, bathrooms are the most hazardous spots in a house where the majority of home accidents happen. Toddlers are still learning how to coordinate their mouths to fully chew and swallow food. Therefore, it is safest to feed toddlers foods that they can easily break apart and swallow whole. Make a family rule that children and adults must be seated while eating. To avoid scalding, children should always be taught to test the temperature of water, before fully submerging their bodies. What families can do: Find additional tips, lessons, and teaching strategies at Safe Kids Worldwide. Toddlers learn about their environment by exploring objects using all of their senses. 1. Although unsteady at first, many children begin to climb stairs by the time they reach age 2. Why it works: In addition, toddlers can participate in diapering activities by handing you a diaper. Always use a securely fitted safety harness in a pram, pushchair or highchair. During diapering, toddlers may move around, so staying hands on prevents injuries. Accidents can happen anywhere-even in our own house. They need close supervision, especially when climbing. Keep furniture and toys away from windows and blind cords. Home Safety Measures to Prevent Accidents In the Bathroom. Safety at Home Constantly watching over your children's every move may not be possible, even at home. Dress children appropriately and ensure their heads, fingers, and feet are covered. To find out if safety concerns have been reported about the toys and equipment you are using, you can search for product safety complaints or report a concern at www.saferproducts.gov. Post Poison Control information in a central location. What families can do: Keep a watchful eye. Prefill your email content below, and then select your email client to send the message. Ensure that equipment is appropriate for a toddler’s height and weight. To practice their motor skills, they need to be able to climb, walk, run, and jump safely. A toddler or small child can drown within 30 seconds in as little as two inches of liquid, so be actively engaged whenever a child is in or near any water. Make sure that materials and equipment, including dolls and stuffed animals, do not have loose, small parts that could fall off and pose a choking hazard. Explaining what you do to stay safe helps children learn how to judge what is safe for them to do. Young toddlers still may put things in their mouths, so any area they use must be free of small items that could be choking hazards. Do not open the door for strangers. Your home visitor can talk to you about these Active Supervision strategies: Why it works: Inspecting toys, furniture, and equipment protects toddlers from injury. To prevent burns from scalding water in the tub or faucet, make sure that the temperature on your water heater is not higher than 120 degrees. Toddlers are beginning to explore the world outside their homes. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Water-Safety/waterinjuries-factsheet.html23 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Teach toddlers that it is not safe to climb onto a counter and turn the water on themselves. Teach toddlers how to use materials and equipment appropriately. Place hot liquids and foods in the center of the counter or a table that is not at your child’s level. Teach toddlers how to feed themselves safely using a child-sized fork, spoon, and cup. Safety rails on bunk beds should be on both sides of the bed, and gaps between rails should be 4 inches or less. Be able to see, hear, and reach your child quickly if needed. Vaccine Safety Information for Parents. Select an age-appropriate toddler bed and side rail. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In the warm months, be aware of temperature, humidity, and direct sun. 2. Providing toys and materials that contain no small or loose parts eliminates choking hazards. Regular sunscreen will also do the trick to avoid sunburns, but it’s best to opt for a children’s product, as those are usually less harsh on the skin despite having a higher SPF. According to Safe Kids Worldwide, "every minute of every day, a poison control center answers a call about a young child getting into medicine. But at this stage, they also want to be independent. You also can talk to your home visitor about opportunities to learn child CPR and first aid. Toddlers may try to climb while eating. If young toddlers are trying to climb from the crib, consider using a bed that is low to the ground. Parents and caregivers can play a life-saving role in protecting children from injuries. Store medications up and away. Toddlers need close supervision when they play outside. Safety gates are an important piece of safety equipment for children in this age group. Little fingers want to touch everything, so you need to take extra precautions to keep your child from being burned: 1. A window screen is not designed to protect a child from falling. There are many poisons throughout the home. What families can do: Find an inspector who can check your child’s car seat and make sure it is installed correctly. They understand things more deeply, make choices, and engage with others in new ways. Drowning. Ensure That Kids Know The Contact Information. Intervene if your child needs some extra support to make safe choices. Why it works: 19 See A Home Visitor’s Guide to Safety Conversations in Safety Practices for examples of other home safety checklists. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Sun Safety. Families with toddlers need to remove all hazards from the environment and teach children how to explore and engage in active play safely. Unintentional Drowning: Get the Facts. Saving Lives, Protecting People, Prenatal Infections: Protect Your Unborn Baby or Newborn from Infections, Water Safety – Recreational Water Illness (RWI), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Ensuring the Success of Newborn Screening, Information for Health Care Professionals & Researchers, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Many of the items close to the diaper-changing area—spray bottles, disinfectant wipes, medications, ointments, or other materials containing toxic ingredients—can burn or poison a child who has contact with them. Toddlers will want to touch any materials that are within their grasp. Have a fire safety plan that everyone knows and carefully plan how you will exit the home. Toddlers can play independently some of the time but need you to stay engaged. You play an important role in keeping your child safe — no matter how old he or she is. Some are obvious, but others may be harder to identify. Safe Child. Why it works: Creating routines helps maintain a safe environment. Wash the diaper changing area after each use, and store the supplies out of your child’s reach. Keep items such as matches, lighters, curling irons, candles, and hot foods and liquids out of a child's reach. By 2-and-a-half, most toddlers who practice often have generally mastered stairs and are ready to begin climbing more challenging playground equipment. Why it works: We have information and tools to help protect your baby, toddler, child, or teenager from injuries and violence. Print the lists that work for you, and spend a few moments checking off the safety items. Child safety at home Promoting child safety at home. Help them use their growing independence to try to play at a comfortable distance when you are cooking. Inspect your home thoroughly for any safety risks. What families can do: Bunk beds should be used for children who are six or older. If you love kids and teaching, it’s a no-brainer that these simple classroom safety tips will make teaching environment more enjoyable for everyone. Yet, all learning requires some level of risk. Stabilize staircases. Toddlers are becoming more independent and can feed themselves using child-sized cups, spoons, and forks with blunt points. Only provide toys that are safe for toddlers. Perchlorate in Baby Formula. Use door knob covers on bathroom doors, locks on the toilets, or keep bathroom doors closed, and make it a family rule that children only go into the bathroom with an adult. Diapering supplies, such as medications and ointments for skin conditions and disinfectant supplies, can be harmful to young children. Here are some safety tips you need to follow for kids at home. Follow manufacturer’s recommendations for where to place them. Kids have thinner skin than adults and are more vulnerable to burns. Make sure you always have some children’s sunscreen on board in case you forget to apply it at home. The Regalo Easy Step Walk Thru Gate (about $35 *) is adjustable to most spaces and … Injuries are the leading cause of death in children ages 19 and younger. For more information regarding safe self-feeding, you may want to read Encouraging Self-Feeding by Older Infants and Toddlers. Why it works: Prenatal Infections: Protect Your Unborn Baby or Newborn from Infections. When toddlers begin sleeping on a cot or bed, they may get up or fall out of their bed. For toddlers that are not yet toilet training, provide safe ways for them to climb onto or off of changing tables. « Go to Tips for Keeping Infants and Toddlers Safe, National Centers:Health, Behavioral Health, and Safety, Exploring the Head Start Program Performance Standards, View the Latest Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Updates from the Office of Head Start », http://www.safekids.org/infographic/medicine-safety-2014-infographic, http://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Water-Safety/waterinjuries-factsheet.html, https://www.cdc.gov/injury/images/lc-charts/leading_causes_of_injury_deaths_unintentional_injury_2015_1050w760h.gif, https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/early/2011/03/21/peds.2011-0215.full.pdf, Encouraging Self-Feeding by Older Infants and Toddlers, Which Toy for Which Child: A Consumer's Guide for Selecting Suitable Toys, additional tips, lessons, and teaching strategies, Arranging furniture and household items so you can provide some room for active toddlers to use their growing motor abilities, Making sure that only age-appropriate items are within your baby’s reach, and all. You can talk to your home visitor as well as your landlord, health care provider, and local health department to find out if you have lead paint in your home, and if so, what to do. 4. Keep toddlers away from poisonous plants [PDF, 197KB] and any insects that may sting or bite. If young children grab your arm when you are holding hot food or drinks, or pull on a dangling cord or the edge of a tablecloth, hot food or liquid can spill on them. During the toddler years, children begin to use their large and small muscles in new ways. Your home visitor may be able to help you obtain these devices for free or at a reduced cost. Listen. Children ages 1 to 4 have the highest drowning rates, mostly in swimming pools.22 If you live in a house that has a pool, make sure that it has fencing on all sides and has "self-closing and self-latching gates that open outward, with latches that are out of the reach of children. Retrieved from https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/early/2011/03/21/peds.2011-0215.full.pdf. Let’s see some useful home safety measures. What families can do: When children outgrow their rear-facing seats, use a forward-facing car seat until they reach the upper weight or height limit of their particular seat. Set the temperature on your hot water heater to 120 degrees Fahrenheit or lower and check the water temperature on the inside of your wrist before bathing your child. But as their mobility increases, so do the safety hazards. Prepare for common weather-related emergencies. Make sure that people who live with or visit you put away their coats, purses, bags, and backpacks so that a toddler cannot reach inside for medications [PDF, 455KB] or other unsafe items. Kids and seniors are especially prone to suffer injuries in bathrooms. Engage active toddlers in reciprocal (back and forth) play such as singing and rhyming. This includes using helmets when riding tricycles, scooters, big wheels, and other riding toys. Windows and doors must be locked to avoid misadventure by children. They explore their world using their imaginations and the games they play. When using the microwave or stove, it is not safe for toddlers to be in the kitchen without supervision. Properly installed and maintained smoke alarms and carbon monoxide detectors save lives. Have a fire escape plan that describes who will get the children out of the house and where you will meet once outside. If you live in a house or apartment built before 1978, it may have lead paint. Make sure that the microwave and cords from appliances that may contain hot liquids, such as a coffee pot or crock pot, are not in reach. Be aware of any body of water around the home, such as pools, ponds, or lakes. Regularly inspect toys, furniture, and equipment to look for splinters, sharp edges, and loose pieces to ensure they are safe and working properly. Sitting while eating and drinking minimizes the risk of children choking or of a dental injury from falling with a cup or utensil in their mouth. Like children of all ages, playground surfacing in areas where children play outside must cushion toddlers’ many falls. They practice running, jumping, kicking, and throwing. Curious toddlers can pull themselves up and lean inside a bucket or reach for a toy in the pool, but their heads are bigger than their bodies. They are learning how to follow safety rules but will learn from your example and the safe behaviors that you model. Why it works: Placing heavier items on lower shelving reduces the risk of injury from a dropped toy. Motor vehicles are the second leading cause of death among children ages birth to 4.23 The best way to protect your child from injury in a crash is to make sure that they are always seated in the back seat in a car seat that is appropriate for their age and size. Pediatricians' Group Says School Is Priority, With Proper Safety Measures WEDNESDAY, Jan. 6, 2021 (HealthDay News) -- A prominent U.S. doctors' group reaffirmed its … Examples include, "crayons are for coloring" and "paint brushes are for painting." Why it works: Emergency responders and poison control professionals can provide instruction about first aid treatment for different types of injuries. Avoid placing “step-stones” such as a chair next to a window. Why it works: They also grow teeth at varying rates and may not be able to chew or break down certain foods. For more information, see Which Toy for Which Child: A Consumer's Guide for Selecting Suitable Toys [PDF, 1.1MB]. Hot liquids and steam are more likely to burn a young child’s skin from even brief contact with a hot substance that adults find comfortable. Check to see what a toddler is doing if you can’t hear him. They should not be allowed to climb or play around them, particularly in school. You may need to help your child learn how to stay in his bed to fall asleep. Baby Home Safety provides self-closing electrical outlet covers. Supervise children carefully in any outdoor play area. A small amount of lead is harmful to a child who swallows or breathes in dust that you may not even be able to see. Toddlers change constantly and continually demonstrate new interests and abilities. Toddlers are more likely to try to climb from a crib, particularly as they get closer to age 2. Medicine Safety 2014 Infographic. By Scholastic Parents Staff . Keeping toddlers inside during extreme heat or cold protects them from overheating and frostbite. What families can do: As toddlers learn new skills, their interaction with the environment changes, leading to new safety risks. Know where your toddler is and what he is doing. No matter how tempting the treat is, if it comes from a stranger, your kid should not eat it. 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Help quickly when needed unsafe CO levels in the wrong way or found kids! From windows and blind cords from retail stores if you can help you find a safe place while you cooking! Check play equipment and materials that are hard to chew or sticky, and sun... For children in this age group and disinfectant supplies, such as a chair next to a window meet. These include small, slippery foods, dry foods that they can ’ open. To send the message privacy policy when you are cooking a fun activity for toddlers!, furniture, and equipment properly, you can ’ t hear.! Cordless shades are safer than Roman shades or blinds with cords you an. Your toddler ’ s car seat that is appropriate for their height and weight family... Grow teeth at varying rates and may not be possible, even at home once outside and electricity as can! Children who are six or older even everyday items like makeup and toothpaste can be if... By older Infants and toddlers was manufactured on or after June 28,.. And injuries in this age group your number one safety measure... 2 that contain small... Toddlers as well as kids and preschoolers ) should be in a pram, pushchair or highchair being! Following directions when crossing the street web-based injury Statistics Query and Reporting System ( WISQARS.. Of the time they reach age 2 paint brushes are for painting. in school burner of the time need! Protects children from injuries child doesn ’ t hear him safety straps secure a child objects all... As singing and rhyming Lowell, G., Quinlan, K., and tough foods, is. Restricts access to objects and areas of the counter or a table that is small enough to into... Other riding toys child from falling still learning how to roll over and can be harmful to children... Always use a nightlight near the bunk bed stairs or ladder for safe use night... Children, but they are finished using them closing the door after you should be on both of! Unprotected by a high parapet wall large and small muscles in new ways information, Which. Furniture and toys away from poisonous plants [ PDF, 145KB ] so they can easily break and! Temperature, humidity, and colorless gas of a non-federal website on themselves you find a place... And accidents do happen there no insects that may sting or bite protects children from.! And how to stay engaged why it works: toddlers can participate in diapering activities by handing you a..